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Welcome to Vegas Lawyer. This site is for people who were hurt in Nevada. Contact us for a free consultation. You may want to read the Las Vegas Personal Injury Law introduction on our home page. Also, you can get an overview of other claims like Wrongful Death, Auto Accidents, Slip & Fall, and Products Liability before you explore the Article below.

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  • Vehicle Collision Avoidance Research

    Highway Vehicle Collision Avoidance Research

    Reducing the Number and Severity of Motor Vehicle Crashes

    New technologies are being developed to reduce the number of motor vehicle accidents caused by driver error. Because these technologies are not necessarily compatible, DOT has instituted the Intelligent Vehicle Initiative (IVI). This initiative aims to ensure that the technologies will work together in a way that is not confusing or counterproductive for users. Its primary goal is to accelerate the development and deployment of driver assistance products that have the potential of reducing the number and severity of motor vehicle collisions. The IVI covers applications for light vehicles, commercial trucks, transit buses, and specialty vehicles such as highway maintenance vehicles. DOT is working with industry and others to help build critical knowledge bases, develop performance guidelines and objective test procedures, evaluate IVI systems using field operational tests, and assess their potential benefits.

    The Volpe Center is providing technical support to DOT in the light vehicle platform area. Since 1999, the Center has conducted or is currently conducting studies including the following: an analysis of different types of crashes (i.e., crossing path, off-roadway, lane change, and pedestrian and pedalcyclists) using the 1998 General Estimates System database; an analysis of rear-end crashes using the 1996 and 1997 Crashworthiness Data System database; an assessment of traffic simulation models to evaluate the safety performance of intelligent vehicle systems; an analysis of how drivers respond to an imminent rear-end collision when their car is equipped with an intelligent cruise control system using data gathered in a field operational test and in controlled human factors studies by the Collision Avoidance Metrics Partnership; a study of crash countermeasures for intersection crossing path and off-roadway crashes; a traffic safety evaluation framework for IVI crash countermeasures; the development of objective tests procedures for crash countermeasure systems; and the preparation and evaluation of Request for Applications.

    Evaluation of GM/Delphi Rear-End Crash Avoidance System

    The Volpe Center, since 1991, has supported the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in achieving its mission of saving lives, preventing injuries, and reducing health care and other economic costs associated with motor vehicle crashes. The Volpe Center program involves investigating the use of advanced-technology, Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) concepts, such as in-vehicle collision warning systems, to help prevent crashes. A major initiative of NHTSA's ITS program is a cooperative agreement with General Motors (GM) and Delphi/Delco corporations to perform an "Automotive Collision Avoidance System Field Operational Test". This joint effort is being performed as part of the U. S. Department of Transportation's Intelligent Vehicle Initiative (IVI) with the goal of demonstrating state-of-the-art rear-end collision warning systems. The Volpe Center will be responsible for the independent evaluation of these systems.

    As the independent evaluator, the Volpe Center will prepare and implement an evaluation plan, develop needed tools, and conduct analyses to assess the benefits, driver acceptance, and capability of the GM/Delphi rear-end collision warning system based on data collected in the field operational test and related experiments. The Volpe Center will also be responsible for the development of evaluation goals and supporting objectives, preparation of independent experiments, implementation of the independent evaluation plan, and the documentation of final results. Moreover, the Volpe Center will cooperate with GM/Delphi to identify feasible data collection protocols and to ensure the proper collection and delivery of test data. In addition, the Volpe Center will work closely with other organizations such as NHTSA's Vehicle Research Test Center (VRTC) to conduct independent experiments in support of the evaluation of the field operational test.

    Assessing the Safety Benefits of Intelligent Vehicle Systems

    Many technologies have been and are continuing to be developed to lessen the number of accidents caused by driver error. Some high-end "smart cars" already have add-ons such as crash-avoidance systems that maintain a vehicle's position in the center of the lane; night-vision capabilities to detect people, animals, or objects in the dark; and cruise control that automatically adjusts to maintain a safe distance from other vehicles. Because these new technologies have not been coordinated and are not necessarily compatible, the Department of Transportation instituted the Intelligent Vehicle Initiative (IVI). This initiative aims to ensure that the technologies will work together in a way that is not confusing to users or counterproductive. Its primary goal is to accelerate the development, introduction, and commercialization of driver assistance products and services in order to improve the safety of the nation's ground transportation system by reducing the number and severity of motor vehicle collisions.

    IVI products and services will encompass in-vehicle systems such as those mentioned above; cooperative vehicle-to-vehicle systems, which enable cars to send and receive information from each other about their relative locations; and cooperative vehicle-to-infrastructure systems such as traffic lights that send information to cars warning them of upcoming red lights. It will address four types of vehicles: light (passenger) vehicles, transit and intercity buses, commercial trucks, and specialty vehicles such as emergency and road utility vehicles. Moreover, IVI will include the development of industry-wide architecture and standards, integrated system prototyping, and field operational test evaluations. In this way, the government and industry can assess benefits, define the performance requirements, and accelerate the deployment of driver assistance products and services.

    The Volpe Center has been assisting the Federal Highway Administration in these activities. In 1998 and 1999, the Center developed methods to estimate the safety benefits of intelligent transportation systems and provided support for a Request for Applications (RFA) to assess IVI Generation 0 systems in field operational tests. Specifically, the Center devised methodologies and supplied data to estimate how IVI systems might have lessened both the number of collisions and the number and severity of injuries. This was based on driver/vehicle performance data in safety-critical driving conflicts encountered during the conduct of field operational tests. In addition, the Center developed guidelines for the independent evaluation of IVI systems which were included in the RFA, and reviewed RFA proposals related to light vehicles and commercial trucks.

    The Center is currently: updating the crash problem definition of the four IVI platforms, assessing possible IVI system deployment schedules, developing a novel methodology to improve the estimation of IVI system safety effectiveness, assessing the safety benefits and cost of systems that provide the safety services, providing "lessons learned" from the independent evaluation of the Intelligent Cruise Control field operational test recently completed by the Volpe Center, and providing evaluation technical support for IVI field operational tests.

    Crash Avoidance Research

    Advanced motor vehicle and electronic technologies offer new opportunities to reduce the societal cost of traffic injuries and deaths. To derive the maximum safety advantage of such intelligent transportation system (ITS) technologies, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is conducting a comprehensive program of crash avoidance research. The Volpe National Transportation Systems Center (Volpe Center) provides technical and management support to NHTSA's Office of Crash Avoidance Research (OCAR) in the conduct of this research program. The Volpe Center support efforts will focus on safety evaluations of ITS field operational tests, development of performance specifications and estimation of benefits for countermeasure systems to mitigate vehicular crashes, and safety assessment of Automated Vehicle-Highway Systems.

    This information came from a
    US DOT online article.

    *** Any law, statute, regulation or other precedent is subject to change at any time ***

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